Abdominal Pain, Age 11 and Younger
Abdominal Pain, Age 12 and Older
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
Absorbent products for urinary incontinence
Achilles tendon rupture: Should I have surgery?
ACL injury: Should I have knee surgery?
Acne: Should I see my doctor?
Acne: Should I take isotretinoin for severe acne?
Acute bronchitis: Should I take antibiotics?
ADHD: Should my child take medicine for ADHD?
Alcohol and Drug Problems
Allergies to Insect Stings
Allergies: Should I take allergy shots?
Allergies: Should I take shots for insect sting allergies?
Allergy shots (immunotherapy) for allergic rhinitis
Allergy shots (immunotherapy) for asthma
Allogeneic stem cell transplant
Alzheimer's disease: Should I take medicines?
Alzheimer's or other dementia: Should I move my relative into long-term care?
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Anger, Hostility, and Violent Behavior
Angioplasty for coronary artery disease
Angioplasty for peripheral arterial disease of the legs
Angioplasty with stent placement for heart attack and unstable angina
Animal and Human Bites
Aortic valve stenosis: Should I have surgery?
Arm Problems, Noninjury
Arthritis: Should I have knee replacement surgery?
Arthritis: Should I have shoulder replacement surgery?
Asthma action plan
Atherectomy for coronary artery disease
Atrial fibrillation: Should I take anticoagulants to prevent stroke?
Atrial fibrillation: Should I try electrical cardioversion?
Autologous stem cell transplant
Autopsy: Should I have an autopsy done on my loved one?
Back and Neck Pain
Back Problems and Injuries
Barrier methods of birth control
Bartholin Gland Cyst
Bed-wetting: Should I do something about my child's bed-wetting?
Bed-wetting: Should my child see a doctor?
Behavioral methods for urinary incontinence
Behavioral therapies for urinary incontinence in men
Binge Eating Disorder
Blocked tear ducts: Should my baby have a probing procedure?
Blood transfusions for sickle cell disease
Blood transfusions: Should I bank blood before surgery?
Body Piercing Problems
Bone marrow transplant for sickle cell disease
Botulinum toxin (Botox)
Brace (orthotic) treatment for scoliosis
Brandt-Daroff exercise for vertigo
Breast cancer risk: Should I have a BRCA gene test?
Breast cancer: Should I have breast reconstruction after a mastectomy?
Breast cancer: Should I have breast-conserving surgery or a mastectomy for early-stage cancer?
Breast cancer: Should I have chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer?
Breast cancer: What should I do if I'm at high risk?
Breast-feeding: Should I breast-feed my baby?
Breech Position and Breech Birth
Bruises and Blood Spots Under the Skin
Bunions: Should I have surgery?
Burns to the Eye
Calluses and Corns
Carpal tunnel syndrome: Should I have surgery?
Cataracts: Should I have surgery?
Catheter ablation for a fast heart rate
Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation
Catheters for urinary incontinence in men
Central venous catheter
Change in Heartbeat
Chemonucleolysis for herniated disc
Chronic Lung Disease in Infants
Circumcision: Should I keep my son's penis natural?
Clotting factor replacement for hemophilia
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pain management
Cold Temperature Exposure
Colon cancer: Which screening test should I have?
Complementary medicine: Should I use complementary medicine?
Confusion, Memory Loss, and Altered Alertness
Constipation, Age 11 and Younger
Constipation, Age 12 and Older
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea
Coughs, Age 11 and Younger
Coughs, Age 12 and Older
Counseling for HIV infection
Crying, Age 3 and Younger
Cryotherapy (cryosurgery) for genital warts
Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease
Depression: Should I stop taking my antidepressant?
Depression: Should I take an antidepressant?
Depression: Should I take antidepressants while I'm pregnant?
Depression: Should my child take medicine to treat depression?
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Diabetes: Should I get an insulin pump?
Diabetes: Should I get pregnant?
Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels
Diarrhea, Age 11 and Younger
Diarrhea, Age 12 and Older
Disease and Injury Prevention
Dizziness: Lightheadedness and Vertigo
Dupuytren's disease: Should I have hand surgery?
E. coli Infection
Ear Canal Problems (Swimmer's Ear)
Ear infection: Should I give my child antibiotics?
Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 11 and Younger
Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 12 and Older
Ear problems: Should my child be treated for fluid buildup in the middle ear?
Elbow Problems, Noninjury
Electrical cardioversion (defibrillation) for a fast heart rate
Electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation
Electrical stimulation for urinary incontinence
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Electrolysis for removing hair
End of life: Should I stop treatment that prolongs my life?
End-of-life care: Should I have artificial hydration and nutrition?
End-of-life care: Should I receive CPR and life support?
End-of-life care: Should I stop kidney dialysis?
Endometriosis: Should I have a hysterectomy and oophorectomy?
Endometriosis: Should I use hormone therapy?
Enlarged prostate: Should I have surgery?
Enlarged prostate: Should I take medicine?
Erection problems: Should I take medicine?
Erection problems: Should I try injection treatments?
Exercise and physical therapy for tennis elbow
Exposure to Sexually Transmitted Diseases
External cephalic version (version) for breech position
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for kidney stones
Eye Problems, Noninjury
Eyelid Problems (Blepharitis)
Facial Problems, Noninjury
Female Genital Problems
Fertility problems: Should I be tested?
Fertility problems: Should I have a tubal procedure or in vitro fertilization?
Fever, Age 11 and Younger
Fever, Age 12 and Older
Finger, Hand, and Wrist Injuries
Finger, Hand, and Wrist Problems, Noninjury
Fitness and Exercise
Flu shots: Should I get a flu shot?
Flu: Should I take antiviral medicine?
Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia
Gallstones: Should I have gallbladder surgery?
Gamete and zygote intrafallopian transfer (GIFT and ZIFT) for infertility
Gas, Bloating, and Burping
GERD: Which treatment should I use?
Groin Problems and Injuries
Hair loss: Should I take medicine to regrow hair?
Hammer, Claw, and Mallet Toes
Hammer, claw, or mallet toe: Should I have surgery?
Head Injury, Age 3 and Younger
Head Injury, Age 4 and Older
Headaches: Should I take medicine to prevent migraines?
Headaches: Should I take prescription medicine for tension headaches?
Healthy aging: Is it time to stop driving?
Hearing loss: Should I get a hearing aid?
Heart attack: Should I take daily aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke?
Heart disease risk: Should I have a coronary calcium scan?
Heart disease: Should I have an angiogram?
Heart disease: Should I have angioplasty for stable angina?
Heart disease: Should I have bypass surgery?
Heart failure: Should I get a pacemaker?
Heart failure: Should I get an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)?
Heart problems: Should I have catheter ablation?
Heart valve problems: Should I choose a mechanical valve or tissue valve to replace my heart valve?
Hemophilia: Should I have regularly scheduled or on-demand clotting factor replacement?
Hemorrhoids: Which treatment should I use?
Hepatitis B and C: Should I be tested?
Hepatitis B: Should I take antiviral medicine for chronic hepatitis B?
Hepatitis C: Should I take antiviral medicine?
Herniated disc: Should I have surgery?
High blood pressure: Should I take medicine?
High cholesterol: Should I take statins?
Hip Injuries, Age 11 and Younger
Hip Injuries, Age 12 and Older
Hip Problems, Age 11 and Younger
Hip Problems, Age 12 and Older
HIV: Should I start taking antiretroviral medicines for HIV infection?
HPV: Should my daughter get the vaccine?
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for carbon monoxide poisoning
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) in People Without Diabetes
Hysterectomy and oophorectomy: Should I use estrogen replacement therapy (ERT)?
Hysterectomy: Should I also have my ovaries removed?
Immunotherapy for allergies to insect stings
In vitro fertilization for infertility
Infant and Toddler Health
Infertility: Should I have treatment?
Infrared photocoagulation for hemorrhoids
Inguinal hernia: Should I have surgery now, or should I wait?
Insect Bites and Stings and Spider Bites
Insemination procedures for infertility
Insomnia: Should I take sleeping pills?
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection for infertility
Intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control
Intrauterine fetal blood transfusion for Rh disease
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Irritable bowel syndrome: Should I have tests for IBS symptoms?
Jaundice in Newborns (Hyperbilirubinemia)
Ketogenic diet for epilepsy
Kidney failure: What type of dialysis should I have?
Knee Problems and Injuries
Laser photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy
Laser treatment for varicose veins
Leg Problems, Noninjury
Low back pain: Should I have an MRI?
Low back pain: Should I have spinal manipulation?
Male Genital Problems and Injuries
Marine Stings and Scrapes
Mastitis While Breast-Feeding
Mechanical devices for urinary incontinence in women
Meniscus tear: Should I have a diagnostic test (MRI or arthroscopy)?
Meniscus tear: Should I have surgery?
Miscarriage: Should I have treatment to complete a miscarriage?
Missed or Irregular Periods
Mouth and Dental Injuries
Mouth Problems, Noninjury
Multiple pregnancy: Should I consider a multifetal pregnancy reduction?
Multiple Pregnancy: Twins or More
Multiple sclerosis: Should I start taking medicines for MS?
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy
Nail infection: Should I take antifungal pills?
Nail Problems and Injuries
Nausea and Vomiting, Age 11 and Younger
Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older
Neck Problems and Injuries
Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria)
Nerve block for pain relief
Nervous System Problems
Nonsurgical nail removal for fungal nail infections
Obesity: Should I have weight-loss surgery?
Obesity: Should I take weight-loss medicine?
Obesity: Should I use a diet plan to lose weight?
Objects in the Ear
Objects in the Eye
Objects in the Nose
Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Should I take medicine for OCD?
Osteoarthritis: Should I have hip replacement surgery?
Osteoporosis: Should I have a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) test?
Osteoporosis: Should I take bisphosphonate medicines?
Ovarian cancer: Should I have my ovaries removed to prevent ovarian cancer?
Oxygen treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Pacemaker for atrial fibrillation
Pacemaker for bradycardia
Panic disorder: Should I take medicine?
Pap test: Should I have colposcopy if my Pap test shows minor cell changes?
Pelvic floor (Kegel) exercises for urinary incontinence in women
Pelvic organ prolapse: Should I have surgery?
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy or nephrolithotripsy for kidney stones
Peripheral arterial disease: Should I have surgery?
Photodynamic therapy for age-related macular degeneration
Phototherapy for atopic dermatitis
Phototherapy for psoriasis
Physical rehabilitation for ACL injuries
Physical therapy for TM disorders
Plantar fasciitis: Should I have surgery for heel pain?
PMS: Should I try an SSRI medicine for my symptoms?
Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis
Pregnancy and Childbirth
Pregnancy: Should I bank my baby's umbilical cord blood?
Pregnancy: Should I have an early fetal ultrasound?
Pregnancy: Should I have an epidural during childbirth?
Pregnancy: Should I have CVS (chorionic villus sampling)?
Pregnancy: Should I have the maternal serum triple or quadruple test?
Pregnancy: Should I try vaginal childbirth after a past C-section (VBAC)?
Problems After Delivery of Your Baby
Prostate cancer screening: Should I have a PSA test?
Prostate cancer: Should I have radiation or surgery for localized prostate cancer?
Psoralen plus ultraviolet light therapy (PUVA) for atopic dermatitis
Pulmonary rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Quitting smoking: Should I use medicine?
Radiation therapy for bladder cancer
Radiation therapy for cancer pain
Radiation therapy for endometrial cancer
Radiation therapy for lymphoma and leukemia
Radiation therapy for nonmelanoma skin cancer
Radiation therapy for prostate cancer
Radiation therapy for testicular cancer
Radiation treatment for melanoma
Radioactive iodine for hyperthyroidism
Rash, Age 11 and Younger
Rash, Age 12 and Older
Respiratory Problems, Age 11 and Younger
Respiratory Problems, Age 12 and Older
Restless Legs Syndrome
Ringing in the Ears (Tinnitus)
Root planing and scaling for gum disease
Rotator cuff problems: Should I have surgery?
Rubber band ligation for hemorrhoids
Rubella (German Measles)
Sclerotherapy for varicose veins
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Semont and Epley maneuvers for vertigo
Sexual Abuse or Assault (Rape)
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Shoulder Problems and Injuries
Sinusitis: Should I have surgery?
Sinusitis: Should I take antibiotics?
Sleep apnea: Should I have a sleep study?
Sleep apnea: Should I have surgery?
Sleep Problems, Age 12 and Older
Snake and Lizard Bites
Social Anxiety Disorder
Sore throat: Should I take antibiotics?
Spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain
Stroke: Should I have carotid endarterectomy?
Stroke: Should I move my loved one into long-term care?
Styes and Chalazia
Suicidal Thoughts or Threats
Swollen Glands and Other Lumps Under the Skin
Tendon Injury (Tendinopathy)
Tennis elbow: Should I have surgery?
Testicular cancer: Which treatment should I have for stage I nonseminoma testicular cancer after my surgery?
Testicular cancer: Which treatment should I have for stage I seminoma testicular cancer after my surgery?
TM disorder: Should I have surgery for jaw pain?
Toe, Foot, and Ankle Injuries
Toe, Foot, and Ankle Problems, Noninjury
Tonsillitis: Should my child have a tonsillectomy?
Toothache and Gum Problems
Ulcerative colitis: Should I have surgery?
Umbilical Hernia in Children
Umbilical hernia: Should my child have surgery?
Urinary Problems and Injuries, Age 11 and Younger
Urinary Problems and Injuries, Age 12 and Older
Uterine fibroid embolization (UFE)
Uterine fibroids: Should I have surgery?
Uterine fibroids: Should I have uterine fibroid embolization?
Uterine fibroids: Should I use GnRH-a therapy?
Vacuum devices for erection problems
Vaginal delivery in breech position and breech birth
Vaginal yeast infection: Should I treat it myself?
Vagus nerve stimulator for epilepsy
Venous Skin Ulcer
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia
Von Willebrand's Disease
Warts: Should I treat warts?
Watchful waiting (surveillance) for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Watchful waiting for prostate cancer
Weakness and Fatigue
Weight management: Should I use over-the-counter diet aids?
West Nile Virus
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Wisdom Tooth Problems