Low-fat diet to control nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome causes the buildup of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood (hyperlipidemia), which can damage the heart. Eating a heart-healthy diet may help reduce the amount of fat in your blood.

  • Choose lean meats.
    • Eat no more than 2 oz (56.7 g) to 3 oz (85.1 g) of meat, about the size of a deck of cards, at one time.
    • Do not eat any visible fat.
    • Eat chicken and turkey without the skin.
    • Eat more fish. Avoid fish canned in oil, such as sardines.
    • Bake, broil, or saut√© meats, fowl, or fish instead of frying them in lots of butter or fat.
  • Increase the amount of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Use beans in place of meat.
  • Drink nonfat or low-fat milk.
  • Read the labels on cheeses, and choose those with less than 5 g of fat per ounce.
  • Try fat-free sour cream, cream cheese, or yogurt.
  • Flavor your foods with herbs and spices (such as basil, tarragon, or mint), fat-free sauces, or lemon juice instead of butter. You can also use butter substitutes, fat-free mayonnaise, or fat-free dressing. Always read food labels carefully. Some foods low in fat are high in salt (sodium).
  • Try applesauce, prune puree, or mashed bananas to replace some or all of the fat when you bake.
  • Use cooking oil that is liquid at room temperature. Try nonstick pans or oil sprays.

Remember that fat-free or low-fat foods are not always low in calories. Always read the food label to check the amount of calories in each serving size.

Last Updated: June 5, 2009

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