Emergency equipment

You may be able to prevent cold exposure by having emergency equipment with you if you do outdoor sports or activities. Your equipment may include:

  • 2 or 3 fire-starting kits and a cigarette lighter.
  • A pocketknife.
  • A wire saw, to cut large pieces of wood for an emergency fire.
  • A space blanket, to be used as a windbreaker and heat reflector.
  • Large plastic leaf bags, to wrap around you and over your backpack for quick rain and wind protection.
  • Low-temperature electrician's tape, for general repairs to space blankets, clothing, tents, or boots.
  • An Ensolite pad, to sit or sleep on.
  • A headlamp, to allow you to use both of your hands. Remember extra bulbs and batteries.
  • A map and compass.
  • Extra clothing, drinking water, and food.
  • Sunglasses and sunscreen.
  • Snow shovel on trips where snow is expected.
  • Signaling equipment, such as a whistle, mirror, flares, or a parachute cloth to float in the air.
  • A first aid kit.
  • A thermometer.
  • Chemical hot packs.

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