Medical history for hemorrhoids

Your health professional will ask questions about diet or bowel habits that may contribute to hemorrhoids. Factors that may cause hemorrhoids or make them worse include:

  • Eating a low-fiber diet.
  • Drinking fewer than 8 glasses of water, fruit juice, or other noncaffeinated liquids each day.
  • Drinking too much alcohol.
  • Prolonged sitting, straining, or holding your breath during bowel movements.
  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time.
  • Frequent heavy lifting or holding your breath when lifting heavy objects.

Medical conditions that make you prone to hemorrhoids include:

  • Personal or family history of hemorrhoids.
  • Being overweight.
  • Pregnancy and being postpartum.
  • Long-term diarrhea.
  • Infection in the anal canal.
  • Liver or heart disease, which results in a backflow of blood that increases pressure on blood vessels in the abdomen and pelvic area.

Last Updated: September 29, 2008

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