Birth defects from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)

Birth defects that may be associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) include:

  • Heart defects, such as abnormal openings (atrial or ventricular septal defects), and abnormal blood routes (aberrant great vessels).
  • Bone defects, resulting in small nails, shortened fifth fingers, sunken or prominent breastbone (pectus excavatum or carinatum), cleft palate or underdeveloped jaw (maxillary hypoplasia or micrognathia), and scoliosis.
  • Urinary tract defects, such as abnormally shaped kidneys and extra ureters.
  • Eye problems, such as strabismus and near- or farsightedness.
  • Ear defects, such as structural problems that result in hearing loss.

Last Updated: March 17, 2009

Author: Debby Golonka, MPH

Medical Review: Michael J. Sexton, MD - Pediatrics & William Gilbert, MD - Perinatology

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