Medicines that can cause acute renal failure

Many medicines can cause acute renal failure. Examples include:

  • Antibiotics , such as aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, amphotericin B, bacitracin, and vancomycin.
  • Blood pressure medicines called ACE inhibitors (such as captopril and ramipril) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).
  • Medicines used for cancer treatment (chemotherapy), such as cisplatin, carboplatin, and methotrexate.
  • Dyes (contrast media) used in medical imaging tests.
  • Illegal drugs, such as heroin and methamphetamine.
  • Medicines used to treat HIV (protease inhibitors), such as indinavir and ritonavir.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen, ketoprofen, or aspirin.
  • Ulcer medicines such as cimetidine (Tagamet).

Other chemicals, such as insecticides, herbicides, and ethylene glycol, can also cause acute renal failure.

Last Updated: June 3, 2009

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