Medicines that increase the risk of kidney stones

Some medicines make it more likely that you will develop a specific type of kidney stone.

Calcium stones

Medicines that make you more likely to develop calcium stones include:

  • Loop diuretics, such as furosemide (Lasix) and acetazolamide (Diamox).
  • Antacids, such as aluminum hydroxide.
  • Glucocorticoids, such as dexamethasone.
  • Theophylline.

Vitamins C and D can increase your risk of calcium stones when you take more than the daily recommendations.

Uric acid stones

Medicines that make you more likely to develop uric acid stones include:

  • Thiazides, such as hydrochlorothiazide (Oretic).
  • Aspirin products (salicylates).
  • Antigout medicine, such as probenecid (Probalan).

Medicines that actually make stones

Some medicines will result in your body making kidney stones. These include:

  • Potassium-sparing diuretics, such as triamterene (Dyrenium).
  • Antivirals, such as acyclovir (Zovirax).
  • Protease inhibitors, such as indinavir (Crixivan).

Last Updated: May 4, 2009

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