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How It Works
Oxaliplatin interrupts cancer cell growth and slows the spread of cancer cells in the body. Oxaliplatin is available for use by intravenous (IV) injection.
Why It Is Used
Oxaliplatin is used in combination with fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin for treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Oxaliplatin is also used to treat advanced ovarian cancer.
How Well It Works
Studies show that oxaliplatin may be effective in stopping some cancer cell activity that is resistant to some other anticancer drugs, such as cisplatin and carboplatin. It is most effective when it is used in combination with 5-FU and leucovorin. Test results show that this combination can be effective in slowing growth of the cancer.2
Oxaliplatin can cause serious side effects, including:
- An allergic reaction.
- Numbness, burning, and tingling.
- Loss of feeling.
- Mild, moderate, or severe pain.
- Decreased bone marrow function.
- Sores in the mouth or throat.
- Severe vomiting or diarrhea.
See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)
What To Think About
Early results from recent studies suggest that the combination of oxaliplatin, 5-FU, and leucovorin may be effective in slowing cancer cell activity in advanced colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.2
- National Cancer Institute (2005). Oxaliplatin-based regimen prolongs survival after colorectal cancer surgery. Available online: http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/results/mosiac-trial0603.
- Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) for advanced colon cancer (2003). Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics, 45(1148): 7–8.
Last Updated: October 1, 2008