National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Endometriosis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Endometriosis (endo) is a puzzling hormonal and immune disease affecting girls and women from as young as eight to postmenopause. In endo, tissue like the endometrium (the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus and builds up and sheds each month in the menstrual cycle) is found outside the uterus, in other area of the body. In these locations outside the uterus, the endometrial tissue develops into what are called "nodules," "tumors," "lesions," "implants," or "growths." These growths can cause pain, infertility, and other problems.
Like the lining of the uterus, endometrial growths usually respond to the hormones of the menstrual cycle. They build up tissue each month and break down. The result is internal bleeding, degeneration of the blood and tissue shed from the growths, inflammation of the surrounding areas, and formation of scar tissue (adhesions). Other complications can be rupture of cysts (which can spread endo to new areas), intestinal bleeding or obstruction (if the growths are in or near the intestines), interference with bladder function (if growths are on or in the bladder), and other problems.
National Women's Health Network
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Washington, D.C. 20004
8585 North 76th Place
Milwaukee, WI 53223
OBGYN.net: The Obstetrics & Gynecology Network
Web Site on the Internet
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
31 Center Dr
Building 31, Room 2A32
Bethesda, MD 20892
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Endometriosis Research Center & Women's Hospital
630 Ibis Drive
Delray Beach, FL 33444-1928
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html